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What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Created by Jay Walling / 6 min read
Date Created: 3/11/2014
Last Updated: 2/13/2023

What Automatic Transmission Do I Have In My Mustang? This is a common question that is often answered incorrectly. We walk you through each transmission option.

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Mustang Automatic Transmission Upgrades & Specs - Mustang Automatic Parts

Switching gears via a manual transmission is not for everyone. An automatic transmission is a popular option in late-model Mustangs. The automatic transmissions used in the latest model Mustangs are much more sophisticated. In many cases, they can even outperform their older siblings when comparing stock to stock form.

In an age where automatic transmissions can shift just as fast as their manual transmission counterparts and often improve overall performance and reliability, it is understandable to see many car manufacturers drop manual transmissions in exchange for automatic transmissions.

1979 to current Mustangs have seen a wide variety of automatic transmissions in their days. Early on the Fox Body Mustang was powered by C4 & AOD automatic transmissions. These transmissions were the foundation for the future AOD-E and 4R70W transmission that powered the SN95 and New Edge Mustangs. In the 2005 Mustang, we saw the first step toward more fuel-efficient and durable auto trans with the 5R55S transmission. The latest model S197 Mustang featured an automatic transmission with more gears for improved performance and fuel efficiency. The 5.0L Coyote engine Mustangs feature the 6R80/10R80 transmission, which has outperformed manual transmissions with some simple mods.

Below, you will find detailed information on each automatic transmission seen from 1979 to current Mustangs. I threw in some useful tech tips to help you maximize the performance and maintenance of your auto trans!


What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang C4/C5 Transmission

Ford’s C4 transmission has been in service since 1964. The SelectShift transmission was featured on the 79 5.0L and 80-81 4.2L V8. In 1982, the 4.2L V8 was backed up by a C5. The C5 transmission is an upgraded C4 with the most notable difference being its configuration for use with a lock-up style torque converter.

The C4/C5 provides 3 forward gears, along with reverse, and has manual gear selection capability. When placed in the “D” position, upshifts and downshifts are performed automatically without driver input. These transmissions were fairly dependable and offered no unique service challenges. For performance use, an upgraded external fluid cooler is highly recommended.

1979 Mustang 5.0L C4 Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 2.46
  • 2nd Gear: 1.46
  • 3rd Gear: 1.00
  • Reverse: 2.18
1980-82 Mustang 4.2L C4/C5 Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 2.46
  • 2nd Gear: 1.46
  • 3rd Gear: 1.00
  • Reverse: 2.18

What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang AOD Transmission

The Automatic Overdrive or AOD transmission made its Mustang debut in 1984 behind the CFI-equipped 5.0L Fox Body and was also available in this configuration in 1985. 1986 saw the AOD behind the SEFI 5.0L H.O.

In 1988, a rear lubrication system was integrated to extend service life. 1989 received a larger overdrive band servo, also known as the B servo. The gear selector or shifter showed 1-D-OD. For a ¼ mile run, you could select manual second by starting out in 1st, shifting to D, and once the shift to second gear was completed, pull the shifter back to 1st, and the transmission would hold manual 2nd until you bumped it up to D again for the 3rd gear shift. However, this gear shuffling process did cause increased wear and was linked to transmission failure. The weakest links in the transmission are the two-piece input shaft used for mechanical torque converter lock-up, the direct clutch assembly, and narrow overdrive band.

Transmission fluid or line pressure is controlled by a throttle valve cable, also known as the TV cable. A broken TV cable bushing is the #1 cause of AOD transmission failure, followed by an improperly adjusted TV cable. The AOD is NOT computer controlled. The speedometer drive gear is part of the output shaft and is not replaceable.


1984-93 Mustang 5.0L AOD Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 2.40
  • 2nd Gear: 1.47
  • 3rd Gear: 1.00
  • 4th Gear: 0.667
  • Reverse: 2.00

What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang AOD-E Transmission

The 94-95 AOD-E is essentially an electronically controlled version of the AOD. The transmission shifting and torque converter lockup are electronically controlled by the PCM via solenoids. An upgraded direct clutch assembly and a wider overdrive band are key improvements. The speedometer drive gear is part of the output shaft and is not replaceable.

1994-95 Mustang 5.0L AOD-E Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 2.40
  • 2nd Gear: 1.47
  • 3rd Gear: 1.00
  • 4th Gear: 0.667
  • Reverse: 2.00

What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang 4R70W/4R75W Transmission 

The 4R70W is an improved version of the AOD-E transmission. The 4R70W was introduced in 1996 and featured a “wide ratio” gear set. In 1998, the intermediate one-way clutch was replaced with a mechanical diode, improving service life.

The 4R75W was introduced in 2003 and is simply a 4R70W with a revised planetary ring gear, revised front pump, revised intermediate clutch, and revised accumulator springs. It also features a VSS (vehicle speed sensor) as well as an OSS (output shaft speed sensor). The OSS reluctor ring has 24 teeth instead of the 6 found in the 4R70W.

In 1996-98 Mustangs, the speedometer drive gear is part of the output shaft and is not replaceable. 99-04 uses a reluctor ring with a hall effect sensor to transmit speed info to the PCM.

1996-2004 Mustang 4.6L 2V 4R70W Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 2.84
  • 2nd Gear: 1.55
  • 3rd Gear: 1.00
  • 4th Gear: 0.70
  • Reverse: 2.23
2003-04 Mustang 4.6L 4V 4R75W Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 2.84
  • 2nd Gear: 1.55
  • 3rd Gear: 1.00
  • 4th Gear: 0.70
  • Reverse: 2.23

What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang 5R55S Transmission 

The 5R55S is a derivative of the first American used 5-speed automatic, the 5R55E. The 5R55S featured an aluminum case, 5 forward gears, and a reverse. While these transmissions are fairly dependable, the most common failures are overdrive servo bore wear and torque converter clutch (TCC) modulator bore wear. Both can be repaired without a case or valve body replacement.

2005-10 Mustang 4.6L 3V 5R55S Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 3.25
  • 2nd Gear: 2.44
  • 3rd Gear: 1.55
  • 4th Gear: 1.00
  • 5th Gear: 0.71
  • Reverse: 3.07

What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang 6R80 Transmission 

The 6R80 transmission was first introduced on the 2011 Mustangs and became an instant hit with drag racers. These transmissions are beefy and have a very low failure rate. It is not uncommon to see the 5.0L Coyote-powered automatic car outperforming its manual brothers. They feature an aluminum case, 6 forward gears, and reverse.

2011-17 Mustang 5.0L 4V 6R80 Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 4.17
  • 2nd Gear: 2.34
  • 3rd Gear: 1.52
  • 4th Gear: 1.14
  • 5th Gear: 0.87
  • 6th Gear: 0.69
  • Reverse: 3.40

What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?  - What Automatic Transmission Is In My Mustang?

Mustang 10R80 Transmission 

The 10R80 transmission was first introduced on the 2018 Mustangs and became an instant hit with all Mustang enthusiasts. The Ford 10R80 is a great blend of economy with fuel efficiency due to its wide gear ranges and performance applications.

The 10R80 is comparable in size to the previous 6-speed counterpart. These transmissions weigh roughly 230-235 lbs due to their one-piece aluminum case construction. Whether you are drag racing, road race/autocross, or daily driving, the 10R80 is a tried and true transmission option.

2018-23 Mustang 5.0L 10R80 Transmission Gear Ratios
  • 1st Gear: 4.70
  • 2nd Gear: 2.99
  • 3rd Gear: 2.15
  • 4st Gear: 1.80
  • 5th Gear: 1.52
  • 6th Gear: 1.28
  • 7th Gear: 1.00
  • 8th Gear: 0.85
  • 9th Gear: 0.69
  • 10th Gear: 0.64
  • Reverse: 4.87

Source:Ford Motor Company

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About the Author

Jay has written content for Late Model Restoration for over 10 years, producing over 120 articles. Jay has an extensive 25-plus-year background in automotive and is a certified Ford Technician. Read more...