What Is A Fox Body Mustang? | Fox Body History

The term "Fox Body Mustang" has been around for as long as we can remember. Do you know why it is called a Fox? LMR explains how these Mustang's got their name.

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What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

What Is A Fox Body?

The Fox Body Mustang is the third generation of the Ford Mustang offered from 1979-1993. Introduced in 1979, and used Ford's Fox chassis platform. The Fox platform is the longest-produced vehicle architecture by Ford Motor Company. This featured a rear wheel drive, unibody chassis designed for compact and mid-sized vehicles. This model Mustang included years 1979-1993.

1982 Mustang Fox Body - 1982 Mustang Fox Body 1993 Mustang Fox Body - 1993 Mustang Fox Body

About The Fox Body Platform

Ford designed the Fox platform to be relatively lightweight and simple. This was all to replace the Ford Falcon style vehicles of the 1960s. At the end of the 1970s, most manufacturers were looking to downsize their vehicles. Ford followed suit by expanding their Fox platform for redesigning their vehicles, the Ford Mustang being one of them. This was later reduced in the mid 1980's to just the Mustang and Mark VII coupes. The Fox platform was used in the Ford Mustang lineup from 1979-2004.

Vehicles On The Fox Platform:

  • Ford Fairmont (Check Out Our 3v Swapped Fairmont)
  • Mercury Zephyr
  • Ford Durango/Granada/LTD
  • Mercury Cougar
  • Mercury Marquis
  • Lincoln Continental
  • Mercury Capri
  • Ford Thunderbird

Mercury Capri - Mercury Capri Ford Fairmont - Ford Fairmont

Early Fox Body Mustang Designing

Years before it's initial release, the Fox Mustang was already taking shape. With concerns of fuel economy and vehicle sizes shrinking, Ford engineers were hard at work designing a Mustang that met all of the current trends and customer demands. In the mid 1970's, three Ford design teams, two from Dearborn, MI and one from a Ghia studio in Italy started competing to give the Fox Mustang some shape.

In late 1975, sketches and clay models were being brought to life and showing the creativity of the redesigned Mustang. They were given a few guidelines to work off of the Fox platform that included a 100" wheelbase and a minimum of two bodystyle (Notchback & Hatch). The design teams came up with what people considered a sportier Mustang II. These early renderings featured traditional styling but introduced a few new concepts such as square bucketed headlights, lower stance, and an upright grille. While the Fox was taking shape from these design teams, there was still much to be improved on.

Fox Body Clay Model - Fox Body Clay Model Fox Body Clay Model - Fox Body Clay Model
Fox Body Clay Model - Fox Body Clay Model Fox Body Clay Model - Fox Body Clay Model

Who Is Jack Telnack?

Jack Telnack was an upcoming star in Ford's design team in the 1970's. He served as the vice president of design at Ford or Europe. Jack took the reigns of one of the design teams and questioned the use of the traditional styling versus the upcoming European styling. The European styling had made it to the paper sketches but were never into the physical models. This gave Jack's team the motivation to ditch the traditional styling and introduce some non-traditional styling that would lead them to design a winning design in 1976. The new features included bucketed four beam headlights inside a slanted back front end/grille, quarter window louvers, and a wedge style hood.

Jack Telnack - Jack Telnack Jack Telnack - Jack Telnack

Introduction Of The Fox Body

In 1979, the Fox Body Mustang released! This highlighted safety, fuel economy, interior space, improved aerodynamics, and reducing total weight in mind. The first Fox offered 5 different engine options. These were the 2.3L, 2.3L Turbo, 2.8L, 3.3L, and a 5.0 motor. This led to two different body styles called Notchback & Hatchback. Lastly, there were three trim levels (base, Ghia, & Cobra). With the larger Fox platform, engineers were able to offer more space, bigger engine bay, and a larger capacity trunk.

1979 Mustang Fox Body - 1979 Mustang Fox Body 1979 Mustang Fox Body - 1979 Mustang Fox Body

1979 Fox Body Pace Car

In May of 1979, the Fox was chosen as the official pace car of the Indianapolis 500. Ford introduced a 1979 "Indy 500" Pace Car model mid-year to celebrate this accomplishment. Only 10,478 1979 Pace Cars were made and included various new features. The Pace Car's new features includes a unique front air dam with fog lights, full length cowl type hood scoop, a new spoiler, black interior with Recaro seats, and either a 2.3L Turbo or 5.0L motor. The production cars were manufactured with a factory sunroof while the actual pace cars featured a t-top.

Fox Body Pace Car - Fox Body Pace Car Fox Body Pace Car - Fox Body Pace Car

1980-1982 Ford Mustang

Following it's debut year, the Fox Body Mustang did not see too many changes from the 1979 model. Starting in 1980, the iconic 5.0 motor upgrades to a 256 4.2L V8. This is to conserve fuel to meet consumer demands at the time. High back bucket seats were introduced along with multiple colored interior options, brighter halogen headlights, and a few other options. The Cobra package was also offered through 1981 and was dropped in 1982 to make way for the Mustang GT return. In 1982, we also saw the birth of the SSP Mustang (Special Service Package Mustang) which was not released to the public until 1983.

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

1979-1981 Cobra

WIth the introduction of the new Fox in 1979, Ford brought back the Cobra model where only 17,579 were produced. This Cobra model featured black trim and grille area, chrome door handles stainless steel locksets, stainless steel antenna, aluminum roof drip rail, body-colored sail panels, black lower body-side paint, color-coordinated dual pinstriped in the wraparound body style moldings and bumper grooves, an optional snake decal for the hood, and Cobra lettering on the doors.

Unlike the 1980-1981 Cobras, the 1979 version did not feature a spoiler. It was later added after the Pace Car package made its debut. In 1980 and 1981, the Cobra was revised with a new front bumper and air dam featuring fog lights, a cowl type hood scoop, and the pace car style spoilers. The exterior trim, door handles, keylocks, antenna, and sail panels were all painted black for 1980/1981. They can also be distinguished from 1979 by the belt-line stripe, hood decal, and COBRA decals on the side windows and rear spoiler.

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

1983-1993 SSP Mustang

With the decline in big block motor popularity and growing concerns of fuel economy, the California Highway Patrol requested Mustangs to test as high speed enforcement vehicles in 1982. After an 18 month test of the 1979 Chevy Camaro, the CHP decided not to keep them as a part of their fleet. The California Highway Patrol adopted 406 Mustangs into their fleet in 1982 with only 5 of them being Hatchback models. In 1983, Ford offered the Mustang to other law enforcement agencies and labeled them "Special Service Package". Read more about the SSP Mustang

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

1983-1984 Ford Mustang

1983 marked the 4th year of the Fox Body Mustang. Ford engineers redesigned the sports car's features by bringing back the convertible option. The front facia got a facelift with a more rounded nose and a reshaped grille. The vertical sectioned taillights were replaced with a wider horizontal design with a dedicated amber turn signal that gave the rear a much cleaner look.

The Mustang GT was released in 1983 sporting a four-barrel carburetor and a new intake manifold that pushed the 5.0 engine up to 175 horsepower. A fuel-injected, turbocharged 2.3 engine was also offered pushing the 4 cylinder to 145 horsepower. After failing sales of the 3.3L Fox, it was replaced with a 3.8L Essex V6. Ford dropped the GL & GLX trim options. This left the L, LX, GT, Turbo GT, and a new SVO trim level. Ford also introduced the convertible models during this 1983 year model. (Read more about the SVO Mustang).

1984 marked the 20th anniversary of the Mustang and Ford celebrated by releasing the Mustang GT350. The GT350s with a limited run of GTs & Turbo GTs available only in oxford white exteriors and canyon red interiors with red GT350 rocker striped and tri-bar Pony emblems on the front fenders. The 302 also got a revision and was available in two options, a carburated 5.0 for manual transmission cars and a 165 horsepower electronically fuel-injected 5.0 for automatic-equipped cars. The slapper bars and horizontally mounted axle shocks were ditched for a new Quadra-Shock rear suspension.

1985-1986 Ford Mustang

The front fascia got another redesign in 1985 with a grill-less nose and a horizontal air intake slot. The Mustang GT engine bumped up to 210hp with the help of new E5AW cylinder heads, a revised Holley four-barrel carburetor, a more aggressive roller camshaft, better flowing exhaust manifolds, and a pseudo-dual exhaust system. With these new additions, Ford also dropped the L and Turbo GT from their options. This left only the LX, GT, and SVO.

In 1986, Ford completely dropped the carburetor engine for the new fuel injected small block 302 rated at 200hp. Ford also ditched the 10" clutch for a bigger 10.5" clutch. The 7.5" rear end was also dropped in V8 models and the SVO and replaced with the stronger 8.8" rear end. The 2.3L and 3.8L motors kept the 7.5" rear ends throughout Fox's remaining years. Third brake lights were relocated to the standard rear spoiler on hatchbacks, inside the bottom of the rear window on the coupes, and on the rear edge of the luggage rack on convertible models. 1986 would be the last year of the early design looks of the Fox Mustang

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

1984-1986 Mustang SVO

The SVO Mustang was a Mustang built by Ford's Special Vehicle Operations Department and was in production from 1984-1986. This sported a turbo 4 cylinder motor with unique body panels, 5 lug axles and hubs, unique SVO interior, and many other small differences from the production Mustangs of it's time. The SVO was built from a performance Fox built for the Quaker State Oil Longest Day Of Nelson race. Eventually, it quickly made it into production for a short time. Learn more about the full History Of The SVO.

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

1987-1988 Ford Mustang

After ditching the carbureted motors in 1986, Ford designers completely facelifted the interior and exterior Fox for a more modern look. The previously bucketed "4 eye" front fascia was replaced with what was nicknamed the "Aeronose" which included a more modern 6 piece headlight and either a fog light equipped GT bumper or a more conservative LX bumper. Rear amber turn signals were ditched in the taillights and replaced with clear lenses for the turn signals on LX models and a body-colored triple sectioned louver style lens. While the LX models sported a sleek, more conservative look, the GT models got a full body kit. The GT's featured a bumper with round fog lights, lower body side skirts, GT rear bumper, GT-specific moldings, and 15" turbine-style wheels.

Pushing the 5.0 motor to 225hp and 300 ft/tq was easy with the addition of E7TW heads sourced from Ford's truck line. The previously flat-topped pistons were replaced with forged aluminum pistons with valve reliefs making the new 302 much stronger internally. The speed density setup was discontinued in 1989 and replaced with a much easier to modify mass air flow setup. This did drop the horsepower a bit but with the ease of adding more performance parts, most enthusiasts didn't mind. The MAF system made modifications to the intake, engine, and exhaust system easier to recognize and compensated for by the ECU allowing for correct air to fuel ratios to make optimal power. Starting in 1990, the driver's side airbag became standard along with a small galloping horse logo on the passenger-side dashboard. This was an ode to the 25th anniversary of the Mustang.

1989-1993 Ford Mustang

From 1989-1993 The Fox Body Mustang did not receive too many changes due to Ford focusing on a complete body redesign in 1994. A few important events did happen that would give the last years of the Fox some extra importance. In 1990, Ford ran a limited run of emerald green exterior/white leather interior 5.0 convertibles with the 15" turbine wheels for a contest by the soda company 7-up. The contest was canceled at the last minute, leaving Ford with 4,103 special-edition Mustangs. They decided to sell as-is, giving birth to the 7-up edition Mustang.

Three special editions LX 5.0 convertibles were also released in 1992 and 1993. The "Summertime" edition resulted in a vibrant red with oxford white interior released in 1992. In 1993, a vibrant yellow with black or white leather interior and a vibrant white exterior with white leather interior. The forged aluminum pistons dropped in 1992 for a hypereutectic piston. This made the GT put down 205hp and 275 ft/tq.

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

1993 Cobra & 1993 Cobra R

The last and most popular Fox edition was the introduction of the 1993 Mustang Cobra and Cobra R. SVT (Special Vehicle Team) created 2 versions of the 1993 Mustang. This offered more power, better features, and slick new body styling. The 93 Cobra and Cobra R featured a 302 5.0 small block that put down 235hp and 280tq. This was thanks to the new GT-40 high-performance engine upgrades. Exterior wise, the Cobra featured a new Cobra rear bumper, front bumper, side skirts, a unique Cobra rear spoiler, Cobra emblems, SVO style taillights, and a special cobra grille insert. The Cobra R included larger brakes, Koni shocks and struts, engine oil cooler, power steering cooler, and a rear seat delete. The air conditioning and a stereo system weren't offered on the Cobra R due to its racing intended purposes. Only 107 Cobra R's were made while 4,993 1993 Cobras were made.

What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang? What Is A Fox Body Mustang? - What Is A Fox Body Mustang?

The End Of An Era

The Fox Body Mustang ended production in September 1993 concluding a 15-year span of this Mustang style. While we were sad to see this style go, this platform lived on through the SN-95 body style until 2004.

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What Is A Fox Body Mustang? | Fox Body Mustang History

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Published on 2019-05-31
The term "Fox Body Mustang" has been around for decades and it has become a well known chassis in the car community. LMR explains the history of the Fox Mustang and a few of the key points in the journey of becoming one of the most well known Mustangs of all time.